20-year old Amazon – Publisher’s take on it

The first Amazon-ordered book with the first Amazon-provided packing slip. Look at that logo!

The first Amazon-ordered book with the first Amazon-provided packing slip. Look at that logo!

It has now been 20 years since the giant Amazon sold its first ever book: ‘Fluid Concepts and Creative Analogies,’ authored by Douglas Hofstadter. Since then, publishers have often expressed concern over Amazon. Recent public spates with the Hachette and Penguin Random House have apparently ‘heightened’ the public’s awareness of this ‘fraught relationship.’

Fraught relationship? Well, despite this pervasive narrative of the evil overlord, Amazon has actually ushered in quite a lot many positive changes in the publishing industry over the last 20 years. Most notably, the website has increased the due visibility of books as a form of entertainment in a competitive media environment. This is an achievement that should not be diminished in our increasingly digital world.

fcca-is-first-book-sold-by-amazonIn Amazon’s early years of startup, Jeff Bezos, the company’s CEO, was keen to avoid stocking books and maintaining inventory. Instead, he opined of working as a go-between for customers and wholesalers. Instead of building costly warehouses, Amazon would instead buy books as customers ordered them. This would pass the savings on to the customers. (It wasn’t long, however, until Amazon started building large warehouses to ensure faster delivery times). This huge promise of a large selection of books required a large database of available books for customers to search. Prior to Amazon’s launch, this data was available to those who needed it from Bowker’s Books in Print, an expensive data source run by the people who controlled the International Standardised Book Number (ISBN) standard in the States.

ISBN was the principle way in which people discovered books, and Bowker controlled this by documenting the availability of published and forthcoming titles. This made them one of the most powerful companies in the publishing industry and also created a division between traditional and self-published books.

Bowker allowed third parties to re-use their information, so Amazon linked this data to their website. Users could now see any book Bowker reported as available. This led to Amazon’s boasts that they had the largest bookstore in the world, despite their lack of inventory in their early years. But many other book retailers had exactly the same potential inventory through access to the same suppliers and Bowker’s Books in Print.

Amazon’s decision to open up the data in Bowker’s Books in Print to customers democratised the ability to discover of books that had previously been locked in to the sales system of physical book stores. And as Amazon’s reputation improved, they soon collected more data than Bowker.

For the first time, users could access data about what publishers had recently released and basic information about forthcoming titles. Even if customers did not buy books from Amazon, they could still access the information. This change benefited publishers as readers who can quickly find information about new books are more likely to buy new books.

As Amazon expanded beyond books, ISBN was no longer the most useful form for recalling information about items they sold. So the company came up with a new version: Amazon Standardized Identifier Numbers or ASINs, Amazon’s equivalent of ISBNs. This allowed customers to shop for books, toys and electronics in one place.

The ASIN is central to any Amazon catalogue record and with Amazon’s expansion into selling eBooks and second hand books, it connects various editions of books. ASINs are the glue that connect eBooks on the Kindle to shared highlights, associated reviews, and second hand print copies on sale. Publishers, and their supporters, can use ASINs as a way of directing customers to relevant titles in new ways.

ASINs are primarily useful for finding and purchasing books from within the Amazon bookstore, but this is changing.

While ISBNs will remain the standard for print and hardcopy books, ASIN and Amazon’s large amount of data clearly benefits publishers through increasing their visibility. Amazon have forever altered bookselling and the publishing industry, but this does not mean that its large database cannot be an invaluable resource for publishers who wish to direct customers to new angle of books outside the Amazon.

Alpona Dutta

About Alpona Dutta

'You'll learn as you get older, that rules are meant to be broken. Live life on your own terms- Go 'gainst the grain, compromise a little but not always...Believe in enjoying life to the fullest!' #Reading #Writing #Travelling #Music #Socialization #love for English.... Love, laugh, live.


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